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The analysis evidenced the presence of up to 40 proanthocyanidins, some of which are reported for the first time. In this study, the antiradical activity of extracts of roots and barks from Parkia biglobosa was evaluated using DPPH method and they showed satisfactory activities. The paper presents the results of a vast study on the biology, chemical composition and qualitative phytochemistry of the essential oil of the species Perovskia atriplicifolia, which behaves like a perennial, herbaceous plant in the Lamiaceae family.
In theRepublic ofMoldova, it has not been investigated as an aromatic and medicinal plant. It has a high ecological plasticity and no special requirements to climatic factors. It has febrifuge properties and is used in medicine to reduce fever. Besides, this plant is used for culinary, ornamental purposes and for air purification. Biostimulant on faveiro Dimorphandra mollis Benth. Full Text Available This work aimed to verify the effects of biostimulant doses, applied through seeds, on faveiro Dimorphandra mollis Benth.
Seeds were previously sulfuric acid scarified in two consecutive years experiments. It was conducted on entirely casualized with four repetitions of 25 seeds each treatment. The 14 mL lot and 15 mL lot 0. The 20 mL. Full Text Available This paper describes natural dye extracted from stink bean pod Parkia speciosa Hassk. The mordants as aluminum potassium sulfate, iron chloride, sodium hydroxide and mud were used to dye fabric using three different dyeing methods: pre-mordanting, meta-mordanting and post-mordanting.
The color fastness to washing, water, perspiration, light and crocking of the dyed samples was determined according to AATCC test methods. In this study the UV-protection properties on silk fabrics were investigated. The chemical functional groups of the dyes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FTIR.
The results revealed that the dyeing silk fabrics with stink beans pod were fair to good fastness to washing and crocking and very poor to poor light fastness with the exception of samples mordanted with iron chloride. The water and perspiration fastness ratings were fair to good. Silk fabrics mordanted with iron chloride and dyed with stink bean usually showed good UV-protection levels even if undyed.
These extracts gave polyphenolic, betalain dye and chlorophyll content. Therefore, it was suggested that stink bean pod has the potential in producing functional dyes that could be imparted into the silk dyeing natural colorant system. Anti—odor activity of milk kefir on organosulphur polysulfide cyclic compounds in petai parkia speciosa hassk. This study aims to assess the activity of milk kefir whey in neutralizing odor-causing cyclic polysulfide compounds in petai Parkia speciosa Hassk.
RAL designs used to determine the optimum fermentation conditions.
The data obtained were processed using SPSS Results showed the characteristics of the microbes in the kefir grains include lactic acid bacteria consisting of genus Lactobacillus and yeast of the genus Candida and Saccharomyces.
Whey kefir which is produced have high levels of fat, protein, carbohydrates, fiber and lactic acid respectively 1. Full Text Available The incidence of resistance to commonly used antimicrobial agents by microbial pathogens demands increased effort in the development of effective ways of treating infections and diseases. The n-hexane fraction of lyophilized crude bark extract of Parkia biglobosa Jacq. Protein leakage analysis of the combined agents was performed using Bradford protein quantification method.
While time-kill assay detected Protein leakages from the cells of selected bacteria ranged from 1. Hence, exploration of a combination of antibiotics with plant secondary metabolites is hereby advocated in the global quest for means of combating infectious diseases caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens. Volatile aroma components and MS-based electronic nose profiles of dogfruit Pithecellobium jiringa and stink bean Parkia speciosa.
Full Text Available Dogfruit Pithecellobium jiringa and stink bean Parkia speciosa are two typical smelly legumes from Southeast Asia that are widely used in the cuisines of this region. Compositional analysis showed that the ripening process greatly influenced the composition and content of the volatile aroma profiles of these two smelly food materials, particularly their alcohol, aldehyde, and sulfur components. Parkia speciosa seeds are a common ingredient in Malay cuisine with traditional interest because of its medicinal importance and content of health-promoting phytochemicals.
This study evaluated the phytochemical constituents and biological activities antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Parkia speciosa Hassk seeds collected from three different regions of Malaysia Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Johor.
Phytochemical constituents total flavonoid and total phenolic were measured using the spectrophotometric method, and individual flavonoids and phenolic acids were identified using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography.
Ferric reducing antioxidant potential FRAP assay and 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl DPPH assay we used in order to evaluation of antioxidant activities. The primary screening of phytochemicals showed that P. From the identified compounds, quercetin and gallic acid were identified as the most abundant compounds. Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis were recorded as the bacterial strains most sensitive to P.
Correlation analysis showed that flavonoid compounds are responsible for the antioxidant activities of the P. Parkia speciosa seed grown in Perak exhibit the highest concentrations of phytochemicals, as well as the highest biological activity. It may also be. Bauhinia championii Benth. To investigate the anti-RA effect of Bauhinia championii Benth. All rights reserved. Astragalus kongrensis Benth. Full Text Available Astragalus kongrensis Benth. The description and illustrations of the species are provided.
Foram isolados e identificados nas folhas da P. The objective of this paper was to isolate, identify and characterize the allelopathic activity of chemical compounds produced by Parkia pendula. The allelopathic effects were evaluated on seed germination and radicle elongation of the weeds Mimosa pudica and Senna obtusifolia. The bioassays were carried out. Full Text Available Properties of raw sawdust of Parkia biglobosa, as a biosorbent for the removal of Acid Blue dye in single, binary, and ternary dye systems with Rhodamine B and Methylene Blue dyes in aqueous solution, were investigated.
The sawdust was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared spectrophotometry, X-ray diffraction, and pH point of zero charge. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to determine the equilibrium characteristics, thermodynamics, and kinetics of the sorption processes. The data obtained were subjected to various isotherm and kinetics equations.
Pseudo-second-order kinetics model gave better fit for all the sorption systems studied irrespective of the differences in composition, with the initial and overall rate constants higher for the mixtures than for the single system 6. The presence of Rhodamine B and Methylene Blue had a synergetic effect on the maximum monolayer capacity of the adsorbent for Acid Blue dye. Dan Pseudomonas SP. The active compounds that are contained in the leafs are thought to work as an antibacterial.
This study aims to measure the inhibitory strength of painted nettle leaf Coleus atropurpureus benth extract against the growth of Streptococcus sp. This was an experimental laboratory study. The polar extract of painted nettle leaf Coleus atropurpureus Full Text Available African locust bean Parkia biglobosa seed is rich in protein and has recently found its way into the feed industry.
This research was conducted to determine the growth performance, haematological profile and nutrient digestibility by broiler chickens fed diets containing soaked and fermented African locust bean Parkia biglobosa seed meal SFALBSM.
Two hundred and twenty five day old broiler chickens Marshall Strain were fed these diets in a completely randomized design and each treatment was replicated three times with 15 birds per replicate.
The experiment lasted 8 weeks 4week starter phase and 4week finisher phase. The results of performance of broiler chicks at starter phase showed there were differences P0. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into six groups: control rats; control rats treated with Croton cajucara Benth extract during 5 and 20 days; diabetic rats, and diabetic rats treated with Croton cajucara Benth during 5 and 20 days. Eight weeks later we measured glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol and hepatic transaminases on blood.
The bone marrow micronucleus assay was used to assess the genotoxic activity of Croton cajucara Benth. RESULTS: Treatment with aqueous extrat of Croton cajucara was able to significantly reduce levels of triglycerides in diabetic animals, however, did not modify significantly the levels of glucose and cholesterol in these animals.
There was no significant elevation in liver transaminases in the control group treated with Croton cajucara Benth , as there was no genotoxic effect of treatment in this model. Our results did not show a significant effect on glucose and cholesterol reduction, the treatment was able to significantly reduce triclycerides plasmatic level. There was no significant alterations on hepatic transferase in the animals from the control group treated with Croton cajucara Benth.
It was observed no genotoxic effect of the treatment in the model studied. Pedicularis gracilis Wall. Ex Benth. Morphological and distributional data have been appended to show that the subspecies — gracilis and brunoniana Wall.
Ultrastructural studies were conducted on Pithecellobium dulce Roxb Benth. Rhizobial infection on root surface of P. Both curled and straight root hairs were observed. The internal structure of a mature nodule showed an epidermis, cortex, vascular region and a bacteriod region.
Vascular bundles were amphicribral. A distinct periderm consisted of sclereid tissue could be observed in t Dataset of the use of tannin of néré parkia -biglobosa as a solution for the sustainability of the soil constructions in West Africa. Full Text Available Soil is the main material of construction in African rural areas. Sustainability of construction with soil is a thorny problem to any builder. Finding ways to improve the durability of soil is not only essential but also salutary for the African rural community that mostly lives in soil-built houses that are very often short-lived.
The present data assessed the resistance to simple compression and the resistance to bad weather by simulating rainfall alternations through a test of cycles of alternate watering and drying of blocks built from four types of different soils without binder, along with blocks built from the same soils.
Keywords: Parkia -biglobosa, Bipinnateleaves, Mimosaceae. The wood anatomy of Mimosa trachycarpa Benth. Photomicrographs as well as quantitative and stereological data of its minute structure were furnished. Very fine rays, paratracheal parenchyma, libriform and not septated fibres, vestured pits and pores in clusters, tending to a diagonal pattern, were found. The wood anatomy was checked with literature of the Leguminosae family and genus Mimosa, considering its phylogenetical, taxonomical and ecological aspects.
Evaluation of antipyretic activity of ethanolic extract of plant Geniosporum prostratum L. Traditionally, plant extract is used to treat fever and common cold for children. The plant has not been yet studied pharmacologically for antipyretic activity. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antipyretic activity of alcoholic extract of the bark of plant G. Materials and Methods: A total of 24 healthy white albino rats weighing to g were taken and divided into four groups of six animals each.
The initial rectal temperature of each animal was recorded by digital thermometer and its hourly variation was noted for 4 hours. Results: The difference in temperature between 0 hour and respective time interval was found out by statistical method. The potency of extract to bring down the temperature was compared with that of the control group. The present results showed that ethanolic extract of bark of G. It was revealed that the extract showed dose-dependent antipyretic activity.
Conclusion: The ethanolic extract of G. So, it can be recommended for further studies. Evaluation of antifungal activity of standardized extract of Salvia rhytidea Benth. Lamiaceae against various Candida isolates. Salvia species have long been described in traditional medicine for various indications.
Owing to the widespread use of this genus by ethnic populations, especially for various infections ranging from skin disease to gastrointestinal disorders, we were encouraged to determine whether Salvia rhytidea could be effective against fungal infections. Given the increased incidence of candidiasis in the past decade, limits on the use of antifungal drugs, emergence of azole-resistant Candida species and increased incidence of treatment failures, it is necessary to identify a novel agent with antifungal properties.
Aim of the study was to evaluate the antifungal properties of S. In this study, at first rosmarinic acid content of plant extract was determined. The in vitro antifungal activity of methanolic extracts of S. Phytochemical screening results showed that the methanolic extract of S.
The growth inhibition value displayed that C. Findings show that S. Sideritis romana L. Heywood, a new chemotype from Montenegro.
A study on essential oil fractions of the Western Balkan endemic Sideritis romana L. Heywood collected in Montenegro is reported. The h systematic steam distillation extraction procedure was performed. Although varying in the content of these two main compounds, which makes the fractions quite different between each other, evaluation of the anti-Candida activity showed the lack of any significant efficacy.
Caused by Alternaria alternata Fr. In June , a disease causing round to irregular-shaped, water-soaked, brown to blackish brown spots on mealycup sage Salvia farinacea Benth. The symptoms were seen only on leaves, not on neither flower petals or stems. An Alternaria sp. The isolates were severely pat The present study deals with an analysis of the roots of Rauvolfia serpentine L Benth. Ex Kurz under ultraviolet radiation and also under daylight.
The coarsely powdered roots were treated with various chemical reagents and the characteristic fluorescence patterns emitted were recorded and are reported in this paper. This study was undertaken as a pharmacognostic standardization to ascertain the authenticity of the roots of this plant in its crude form and also to check any adulteration that may be used in trade. Thirty-four compounds accounting to The essential oil of L. This research aimed to evaluate different methods for breaking dormancy in seeds of Pithecellobium dulce Roxb.
Experimental Design and Data Collection.
The untreated seeds con- trol having a Sacande, M. Evaluation of field resistance to Striga hermonthica Del. The relationship with strigolactones. One strategy to avoid these losses is to adopt resistant crop varieties. For further delineation of the role of germination. Penstemon lanceolatus Benth. The red-flowered member of Penstemon sect. Chamaeleon from southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico has been treated taxonomically both as part of the Mexican species, P.
Under the former treatment the Arizona and New Mexico populations are peripheral populations of a primarily Mexican Biological application of green silver nanoparticle synthesized from leaf extract of Rauvolfi serpentina Benth. Full Text Available Objective: To synthesize silver nanoparticles AgNPs from the leaf extract of Rauvolfia serpentina Benth and examination of their various biological activities.
Methods: An ecofriendly, easy, one step, non-toxic and inexpensive approach is used, where aqueous plant extract acts as a reducing as well as stabilizing agent of AgNPs. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis. Results: Surface plasmon resonance of the nanoparticles was observed at nm in UV-vis spectroscopy.
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy result confirms that the plant extract acts as the reducing as well as the capping agent of the AgNPs. Transmission electron microscopy indicated that the synthesized nanoparticles are spherical in shape and approximately 7—10 nm in size, whereas the crystalline nature with face-centered cubic structure of the AgNPs was detected by X-ray diffraction analysis. Presence of silver in the AgNPs is The synthesized AgNPs have antimicrobial activities against human pathogenic microorganisms.
Conclusions: Synthesized spherical shaped AgNPs from the leaf extract of Rauvolfia serpentina Benth have antimicrobial and larvicidal activities as well as cytotoxicity against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines.
Combination of culture-independent and culture-dependent molecular methods for the determination of bacterial community of iru, a fermented Parkia biglobosa seeds. Full Text Available In this study, bacterial composition of iru produced by natural, uncontrolled fermentation of Parkia biglobosa seeds was assessed using culture-independent method in combination with culture-based genotypic typing techniques.
PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis DGGE revealed similarity in DNA fragments with the two DNA extraction methods used and confirmed bacterial diversity in the sixteen iru samples from different production regions. This further discriminated Bacillus subtilis and its variants from food-borne pathogens such as Bacillus cereus and suggested the need for development of controlled fermentation processes and good manufacturing practices GMP for iru production to achieve product consistency, safety quality and improved shelf life.
Phenolic extract of Parkia biglobosa fruit pulp stalls aflatoxin B1 — mediated oxidative rout in the liver of male rats. Don, Fabaceae, pulp on aflatoxin B1 induced oxidative imbalance in rat liver was evaluated. Thirty-five male rats were randomized into seven groups of five animals each. Rats in group A served as control and received vehicle for drug administration 0. Aflatoxin B1-mediated decrease in the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glucosephosphate dehydrogenase were significantly attenuated.
Aflatoxin B1 mediated the elevation in malondialdehyde, conjugated dienes, lipid hydroperoxides, protein carbonyl, and significantly lowered DNA fragmentation percentage.
Overall, the phenolic extract of P. Morfologia e anatomia foliar de Bauhinia curvulha Benth. Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae Morphology and anatomy of Bauhinia curvula Benth.
Full Text Available Foi realizado o estudo morfológico e anatômico da folha de Bauhinia cumula Benth. As observações foram feitas em folhas adultas, tratadas segundo a metodologia usual utilizada em anatomia vegetal.
A morphological and anatomical study of Bauhinia curvula Benth. The observations, in grown up leaves, prepared according to the costumary methodology used in plant anatomy, showed the following characteristics of the species: bilobed leaves with foliar incision close to the motor region; one pair of membranaceous stipules; one pair of extrafloral nectaries located on the basis of the proximal pulvinus; acrodromous patterns of leaf venetion; the petiole, which has two pulvinus, one proximal and one distal, has an epidermis containing large quantities of simple tector trichomes and glands; the leaf blade, amphiestomatic, with predominance of anomocytic and paracytic stomata; the adaxial epidermis uniserial, sub papillose, without tector trichomes and glands; the abaxial epiderms, sub-papillose, presents a high number of simple trichomes and glands; and the mesophyll with a basic.
Peningkatan kadar patchouli alcohol pada minyak nilam Pogostemon cablin Benth dengan metode distilasi fraksinasi vakum.
Full Text Available The quality of nilam Pogostemon cablin Benth oil depend on it patchouli alcohol value. To increase this value, fractional vacuum distillation had been done in this study. Nilam oil has been isolated from drying leaf of nilam plant. Patchouli alcohol in this oil was analyzed by gas chromatography, next the oil was distillated by fractional vacuum and the patchouli alcohol was determined from each fraction.
This study showed that fractional vacuum distillation of nilam oil gives a higher patchouli alcohol value. The increasing was Studies on the efficacy of Bridelia ferruginea Benth bark extract for domestic wastewater treatment.
Full Text Available The efficacy of Bridelia ferruginea Benth bark extract in wastewater treatment was investigated. Chemical analysis found the bark to contain potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, iron and copper. Phytochemical tests revealed the bark to contain tannins, phlobatannins, saponins, alkaloids, and steroids. Comparative studies using varying concentrations 0. The optimum dose achieved was 2. The feasibility of using the bark extract as an additional coagulant is therefore discussed.
Ex Benth , cuja madeira possui alto valor comercial. Studies on water soluble polysaccharides from Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. In this existing experimental work, water soluble PDP polysaccharides were secluded from Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. The physicochemical properties were analyzed in terms of swelling power, solubility, pH and water holding capacity.
Micromeretic studies proved the polysaccharide may be used a potential pharmaceutical adjuvant. Methylation analysis confirmed that the polysaccharide is composed of Arabinose Araf units. The chemical shifts of anomeric proton region were found in the region of 4.
Thermogravimetric analysis showed that PDP polysaccharide was thermally stable. The in vitro antioxidant capacities of the polysaccharide were investigated in terms of scavenging of hydroxyl radicals, 2, 2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl DPPH radicals, hydrogen peroxide H2O2 and reducing power assay. The polysaccharide fractions showed activity in a concentration dependent manner which was comparable to the standard, ascorbic acid. The water extract of Coleus barbatus Benth decreases gastric secretion in rats.
Full Text Available Coleus barbatus Labiatae Benth is popularly used in Brazil "for the healing of liver and stomach diseases". The treatment also reduced the total acid secretion from The results show that the water extract of C barbatus Benth produces mild stimulation of thecentral nervous system and increases intestinal movements.
The extract also reduces gastric secretion indicating an antidyspeptic activity, and protects against gastric ulcers induced by stress. Cytotoxic activity of acyl phloroglucinols isolated from the leaves of Eucalyptus cinerea F.
Soliman, Fathy M. The two compounds were isolated for the first time from this species. The SRE alongside with the isolated compounds were tested again Full Text Available Parkia roxburghii is considered delicious in the Northeastern part of India, especially in the state of Manipur. Though it is widely used, information about the biochemical composition and its changes, after processing, is hardly available. In the present experiment, effect of processing methods on dry matter, soluble sugar, phenolics and mineral composition in different developmental stages of P.
Sodium Na, potassium K, sulphur S and phosphorus P were estimated as per the procedures of Tandon Calcium Ca, magnesium Mg, manganese Mn, zinc Zn, iron Fe, copper Cu and cobalt Co were analyzed in an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Processing methods reduced dry matter, soluble sugar and phenolics in all the stages of the pod.
Ca, Mg, K and Zn in different stages were found to be affected significantly by different methods of cooking, while no such changes were observed in case of S, P, Fe, Mn and Cu. The level of iron amongst the micro minerals is appreciably high recording up to As iron, zinc and manganese are antioxidant micronutrients, their higher presence in P.
Full Text Available Ocimum selloi Benth. Lamiaceae é uma espécie nativa da América do Sul e na medicina popular tem sido usada devido suas propriedades analgésica, anti-inflamatória e antiespasmódica.
Tricomas glandulares do tipo peltado e capitado subséssil foram observados no caule, nas folhas, no eixo da inflorescência e na superfície adaxial das sépalas.
Nas sépalas foi encontrado, além dos tricomas secretores peltados e capitados subsésseis, o tricoma glandular capitado pedunculado. Ocimum selloi Benth. Lamiaceae is native to South America and in traditional medicine has been used due to its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic properties. The aim of this study was to identify the types of glandular trichomes that occur on the vegetative and reproductive organs of O.
Lateral branches at the initial formation phase, fully opened leaves, flowers at different differentiation stages, and stem and inflorescence axes were analyzed under light and scanning electron microscopy. Glandular trichomes of the peltate and subsessile capitate types were observed on the stem, leaves, inflorescence axis and the adaxial surface of the.
The blackberry Rubus glaucus Benth is a fruit of commercial interest that is highly perishable, showing appreciable damage due to fragileness and inadequate pos-harvesting handling. Blanco Benth. The aim is to determine Evaluation of the immunotoxicological effects of Dimorphandra mollis Benth. Full Text Available Dimorphandra mollis Benth. It is well known for its antioxidant, antiplatelet and, principally, vasoprotective properties.
Its principal component is rutin. The objective of this study is the evaluation of the safety of the use of the dried D. The rutin content of the standardized extract was The results obtained with rodents suggest that no toxicity exists with the administration of dried D. Phytochemical constituents, antioxidant activity and toxicity potential of Phlomis olivieri Benth. Lamiaceae is a medicinal plant widely distributed in Iran.
In the present study, we have investigated the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant activity and general toxicity potential of the aerial parts of this species. Methods: Silica gel normal and reversed phases and Sephadex LH column chromatographies were used for isolation of compounds from methanol-soluble portion MSP of the total extract obtained from P.
Results: One caffeoylquinic acid derivative, chlorogenic acid 1, one iridoid glycoside, ipolamiide 2, two phenylethanoid glycosides, phlinoside C 3 and verbascoside 5, along with two flavonoids, isoquercetin 4 and naringenin 6 were isolated and identified from MSP.
Conclusion: the results of the present study introduce P. Full Text Available Objetivou-se escolher os melhores tratamentos pré-germinativos para as sementes e tamanhos de recipiente para o desenvolvimento inicial de plantas de Erythrina mulungu Mart. Aos 63 dias após a semeadura, embora com índice de qualidade de Dickson estatisticamente similares média de 0,26, somente as plantas cultivadas nos recipientes pequenos e grandes atingiram o diâmetro de coleto próximo de 5 mm, valor mínimo recomendado para o plantio em campo.
Furano diterpenes from Pterodon pubescens Benth with selective in vitro anticancer activity for prostate cell line. Spindola, Humberto M. Activity guided fractionation of Pterodon pubescens Benth. Also, in vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated against 3T3 cell line mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Antiproliferative properties of compounds 1, 4 and 5 are herein reported for the first time.
These compounds showed selectivity in a concentration-dependent way against human PC Compound 1 demonstrated selectivity 26 fold more potent than the positive control, doxorubicin, for PC-3 prostrate cell line based on GI 50 values, causing cytostatic effect TGI value at a concentration fifteen times less than positive control.
The Tolerance and Accumulation of Miscanthus Sacchariflorus maxim. Miscanthus sacchariflorus Maxim. The tolerance and accumulation of M. The content of photosynthetic pigment and growth of M. Our results suggested that although M. Therefore, M. In vivo antimalarial activity of a labdane diterpenoid from the leaves of Otostegia integrifolia Benth. In Ethiopian traditional medicine, the leaves of Otostegia integrifolia Benth.
Activity-guided fractionation of this extract which showed potent antiplasmodial activity resulted in the isolation of a labdane diterpenoid identified as otostegindiol. The results of the present study indicate that otostegindiol is among the antimalarial principles in this medicinal plant, and further support claims for the traditional medicinal use of the plant for the treatment of malaria.
Germination behavior of Albizia Lebbeck L. Benth in weakly saline soils in Río Cauto. Full Text Available The present study aimed to evaluate the behavior of nursery germination of Albizia lebbeck L Benth weakly saline soils in the municipality of Río Cauto, Granma Province.
To determine the germination of the seeds, the germination test performed which consisted in putting to germinate 25 seeds per treatment at 5 for plates with filter paper petris as Treatment 1: added 10 mL of chloride solution sodium NaCl, adjusted to an electric conductivity of 2 dS m-1 and as treatment 2: a sample pattern with deionized water having an electrical conductivity of 0, 02 dS.
Four treatments were studied: a standard with no saline growing medium and three growing media evaluated as weakly saline in a range of 1 to 2 dS m Statistical analysis showed that there were no significant differences between treatments. Flavonoids with acetylated branched glycans and bioactivity of Tipuana tipu Benth.
Kuntze leaf extract. The methanol extract exhibited moderate antioxidant activity, IC50 The methanol and chloroform extracts exhibited potent cytotoxic activity; the former was found to be active against larynx and liver cell lines, while the latter being active against intestine and liver cell lines. Emergência e desenvolvimento inicial de sementes de Dimorphandra mollis Benth. Foram avaliadas as seguintes características: emergência, primeira contagem da emergência, índice de velocidade de emergência, altura e diâmetro da plântula.
Preparation and characterization of microcapsules of Pterodon pubescens Benth. Full Text Available An oleaginous fraction obtained from an alcohol extract of the fruit of Pterodon pubescens Benth. FHPp was microencapsulated in polymeric systems. These developed systems have the potential to both mask the taste of the extract, and to protect its constituents against possible chemical degradation.
The influence of the formulation parameters and process were determined by chemical profiling and measurement of the microencapsulation efficiency of the oleaginous fraction, and by assessment of microcapsule morphology. The obtained formulations were slightly yellow, odorless, and had a pleasant taste. The average diameters of the microcapsules were 0. The best model to describe the release kinetics for F1-MC and F3-MC was that proposed by Higuchi; however, F2-MC release displayed first-order kinetics; the release mechanism was of the supercase II type for all formulations.
Pterodon pubescens Benth : stability study of microencapsulated extract and isolated compounds monitored by antinociceptive assays. Servat, Leila; Spindola, Humberto M. Pterodon pubescens Benth. Pp seeds, commercially available in Brazil, are used in folk medicine in anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-rheumatic preparations.
A stability study was performed to investigate the relationship of microencapsulation by spray-drying on the maintenance of antinociceptive action. Therefore, C1 and Pp extract samples were monitored in accelerated stability study, evaluating both microencapsulated and non-microencapsulated samples. It was observed that sample C1 possess antinociceptive activity revealed by writhing and formalin tests; C1 showed significantly anti-allodynic, but not ntihyperalgesic effect; the microencapsulation maintained the activity and integrity of both, sample C1 and Pp crude extract; microencapsulation by spray drying is a useful alternative to increase shelf life.
Pollination ecology of Acacia gerrardii Benth. Fabaceae: Mimosoideae under extremely hot-dry conditions. We investigated the flowering biology, pod set and flower visitors of Talh and discussed the role of these visitors in pollen transfer. The Talh trees blossomed laterally on the nodes of one-year-old twigs. Each node produced 21 flower buds seasonally. Each flower bud opened to a flower head FH of 60 florets. The FHs were visited by 31 insect species 25 genera, 16 families and 5 orders.
The major taxa were honeybees, megachilids, butterflies, ants, beetles and thrips. Furthermore, some birds and mammals touched the Talh FHs. Talh trees evolved a mass flowering behavior to face pre- and post-flowering obstacles. Megachilids seemed to play the major effort of zoophily because of their relatively high numbers of individuals and species and their effective movement behavior on the FH surface. Nevertheless, honeybees and other insects and vertebrate taxa also contributed to the pollen transfer.
These results greatly contribute to our understanding of the pollination ecology of acacias, especially Arabian acacias. Effect of Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. The edible fruits of Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. Here, we investigated the antiulcer activity of hydroalcoholic fruit extract of P. Ulcer score, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances TBARS , glycoproteins, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase and reduced glutathione levels were measured in the duodenum.
Rats pre-administered with the HAEPD showed significantly reduced ulcer score comparable to that of ranitidine pretreated rats. Histopathological observations confirmed the presence of inflammation, necrosis and hemorrhagic spots in the duodenum of ulcer control rats which were significantly reduced due to HAEPD treatment.
The results demonstrated antioxidant and cytoprotective nature of P. Full Text Available Diferentes concentrações de colchicina foram aplicadas em sementes de Centrosema virginianum L. The influence of different hormone concentration and combination on callus induction and regeneration of Rauwolfia serpentina L.
The influence of media composition on callus induction and subsequent regeneration of Rauwolfia serpentina L.
Benth has been studied. High frequency The callus differentiated into adventitious shoots when it was subcultured on MS medium supplemented with 2. Regenerated shoots were best rooted on half-strength MS medium with 1. Parece que é preciso mesmo rezar para o Peepers.
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